Medical Information


The head and neck region is the location of 4 of the 5 major senses: hearing, sight, smell and taste. As such, conditions that affect the head and neck region may result in significant symptoms that may disable those senses and negatively impact your quality of life. We have included information on some of the most common disorders affecting the head and neck region and invite you to investigate further. This information is an overview only and is not comprehensive. The information provided is not intended to be a substitute for seeking the advice of your physician.

Ears and Hearing

 
Dizziness - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Dizziness and balance

The inner ear plays an important role in the mechanism of balance, and alteration of this mechanism can result in a spinning sensation, known as vertigo. Vertigo may be the result of a variety of causes, including a viral infection or displacement of some of the structures of the inner ear. If vertigo is a persistent issue, you should seek medical evaluation to determine the cause and appropriate treatment.
 
 
Ear Infections - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Ear infections

Otitis media refers to an infection located behind the ear drum and usually results in pain, pressure and decreased hearing. Proper treatment is necessary to prevent damage to the middle ear and/or ear drum. Recurrent infections are common in children and may be alleviated with the placement of tubes through the ear drum. Otitis externa refers to an infection of the skin of the ear canal and usually results in irritation, drainage and decreased hearing. Proper treatment usually includes removal of debris from the canal by an ENT and is essential to prevent spread of the infection to the surrounding skin and bone.
 
 
Hearing Loss - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Hearing loss

Hearing loss may be caused by damage to the hearing nerve or by alteration of the structures that transmit the signal to the nerve. Hearing loss may be temporary or permanent, depending on its cause. An audiogram, or hearing test, can help to pinpoint the degree and cause of the hearing loss. This test can often be performed in our office and reviewed by the physician during the same visit.
 
 
Tinnitis - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Tinnitis (ringing or buzzing)

Tinnitis refers to a ringing or buzzing noise heard in one or both ears. This is usually the result of damage to the hearing nerve and may result from a variety of different causes, including noise trauma, nerve degeneration, viral infection or medications. In most cases, a hearing test should be performed to evaluate for a possible effect on hearing. In certain cases, further investigation or testing may be necessary.
 
 

Nose and Sinuses


 
Nose Allergies - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Allergies

Environmental allergy symptoms affect as much as one‐third of the US population and result in a significant decrease in quality of life and personal productivity. Symptoms may include nasal congestion, runny nose, post‐nasal drip, throat irritation, hoarseness, cough, and eye irritation. Specific allergies and sensitivities can be diagnosed through a simple blood test and can be treated effectively with medications to alleviate symptoms.
 
 
Nasal Checking - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Nasal obstruction

Difficulty breathing through the nose is a common problem and may result from either a structural or a functional issue. A deviation of the septum may be present from birth or may be the result of trauma. This may cause a blockage of either one or both nostrils. Allergies or environmental irritants may result in swelling of the lining of the nasal passages and cause obstruction. Nasal polyps or a mass may also block the nasal cavity and result in difficulty breathing. Obstruction may also be due to a combination of these issues and a thorough intranasal exam is usually needed to determine the cause and optimal treatment. Treatment may involve medications, surgery or a combination of both.
 
 
Nose Bleeding - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Nosebleeds (epistaxis)

Recurrent nosebleeds may result from a variety of causes and can be worsened with certain medications which inhibit blood clotting (i.e. aspirin, Plavix, Lovenox and Coumadin). Many nosebleeds can be controlled with simple in‐office cauterization of the bleeding blood vessels. Severe bleeding may sometimes require packing to be placed.
Recurrent bleeding should be evaluated thoroughly by an ENT with a full examination to rule-out any masses or polyps in the nose.
 
 
Sinusitis - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Sinusitis

Sinus infections may result in a combination of symptoms, including headaches, colored nasal drainage and facial pain or pressure.
Certain people may be predisposed to recurrent or chronic sinus infections due to allergies or an anatomical obstruction of the sinus drainage pathways. Appropriate medical or surgical treatment of the underlying cause can help to reduce the frequency and severity of these infections.
 
 

Throat and Voice

 
Hoarness - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Hoarseness

Hoarseness may be an acute or longstanding problem. It may cause issues with communication during daily life and may also indicate a more serious issue, such as cancer. Many conditions can result in hoarseness, including vocal strain, polyps, nodules, acid reflux and allergies. If hoarseness persists for a prolonged period of time, it is important to have a thorough evaluation to determine the cause.
 
 
Swallowing Problem - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Swallowing

Swallowing difficulties may result in pain or a sensation that food does not go down the right way. These symptoms may be related to an infection, acid reflux, abnormalities in the muscles of the throat, or more seriously, a cancer. Evaluation may involve endoscopy or a swallow study for further information.
 
 
Tonsillitis Checking - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis may be an acute or chronic infection resulting in throat pain and sometimes fever. Antibiotics may be required to treat these infections and recurrent infections may be treated with tonsillectomy.
 

Snoring and Sleep Apnea

 
Sleep Apnea - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea refers to a condition where a patient experiences episodes where their breathing stops while sleeping. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs when a structural narrowing in the upper airway results in blockage of the airflow during breathing. Sleep apnea may result in abnormal sleep patterns, daytime sleepiness, and fatigue. It is important to diagnose and treat sleep apnea, since this condition can result in a higher risk of stroke and heart disease if left untreated.
 
 
Man Snoring - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Snoring

Snoring is an issue that can result in an inconvenience to anyone sleeping in the same room and cause a strain on a relationship. But it may also indicate a more serious underlying issue, known as sleep apnea.
 
 

Pediatric ENT


 
Allergies - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Allergies

Environmental allergies may affect up to 40% of children and most allergies first appear during childhood. Allergy symptoms may include nasal congestion, runny nose, dark circles under the eyes, throat irritation, cough, and eye irritation. Often, children with allergies may be diagnosed with repeated colds or sinus infections. Allergies may also contribute to the development of infections, such as repeated ear or sinus infections. They can also worsen asthma symptoms. Specific allergies and sensitivities can be diagnosed through a simple blood test and can be treated effectively with medications to alleviate symptoms.
 
 
Child Crying - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Ear infections

Ear infections are a common issue in children. Some children have difficulty equalizing pressure and this can result in fluid that builds up behind the ear drum. This can cause repeated infections as well as difficulty hearing. Antibiotics are usually used to treat infections, but if infections occur frequently or fluid does not resolve with the medications, tube placement can help to restore hearing and reduce or eliminate infections.
 
 
Headache - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Head and neck masses

The majority of growths or tumors in the head and neck area in children are benign These growths or swellings are frequently related to infections, inflammation, or cysts and many maybe treated medically. Other cancerous tumors and some benign tumors may require surgical excision by a specialist in head and neck surgery. It is important to diagnose and treat these masses appropriately to avoid complications.
 
 
Loss of Hearing - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Hearing loss

Fluid or infections may lead to hearing loss which may lead to a delay in development of speech. Children need to be able to hear in order to develop language skills and it is important to address ear and hearing issues before they result in speech delay. A hearing test may be required to fully evaluate your child’s hearing loss.
 
 
Sinus Infection - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Sinus infections

Repeated sinus infections or drainage may occur alone or with ear or throat infections. A thorough ENT evaluation is necessary to determine the cause of the infections. These infections can often be reduced with removal of the adenoid tissue.
 
 
Snoring - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Snoring and sleep apnea

Nasal obstruction, mouth breathing, and snoring may be caused by enlarged tonsils and adenoids. If your child is experiencing these symptoms, a full ENT evaluation can indicate the cause of these problems. Removal of the tonsils or adenoids or both can frequently improve these symptoms.
 
 
Tongue Checking - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

“Tongue‐tied”

Babies are sometimes born with their tongue tethered by a thin band of tissue. This band of tissue can create problems with feeding and can later affect their ability to pronounce words. Division of this band of tissue is a simple procedure which will allow normal movement.
 
 
Tonsil Infection Checking - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Tonsil infections and strep throat

Throat infections are common in children. These can sometimes be treated effectively with antibiotics. If infections occur frequently or do not resolve with medication, tonsillectomy can help to reduce the number of infections.
 
 

Head and Neck Conditions

 
Bells Palsy - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Bells Palsy

Facial paralysis is an inability to move the muscles of facial expression resulting in poor mouth movement and eyelid weakness. This paralysis may result in difficulty eating or speaking, as well as difficulty closing the eyes. Paralysis may result from a wide range of causes, including Bells palsy, tumor, trauma, infection/inflammation, and stroke. Our specialists are skilled in the evaluation and treatment of this issue.
 
 
Neck Massage - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Head and Neck Cancer

Cancer can occur anywhere in the mouth or throat. Risk factors include tobacco and alcohol use, including chewing tobacco, cigars and cigarette smoking, and HPV. These cancers can also occur in people without any history of smoking or drinking. Signs of a possible cancer include a mouth ulcer or sore which does not heal, persistent hoarseness, and continued pain or difficulty when swallowing. A persistent neck mass may also be a sign of cancer. If you have any of these symptoms, please schedule an appointment right away to see an ENT or your primary doctor. Early diagnosis will make treatment easier and will increase your chances of a cure.
 
 
Skin Cancer - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Parathyroid Masses

Overactive parathyroid glands and parathyroid tumors can result in high calcium levels in the blood and loss of calcium from the bones. Special studies can help determine if abnormal calcium levels are the result of an abnormal parathyroid gland and surgical removal is usually the treatment of choice for an overactive parathyroid.
 
 
Medical Equipment - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer in the head and neck area is important to diagnose and treat as early as possible to provide the best cosmetic result and help increase chances of a cure. Your dermatologist may refer you to a head and neck surgeon for excision or reconstruction following. Reconstructive surgery after removal of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or melanoma may require local flap or skin graft closure and in some instances sampling of lymph nodes in the neck. Our surgeons are able to skillfully perform these services to provide you excellent cosmetic, functional, and oncologic results.
 
 
Thyroid Glands Check up - Doctors in Saint Petersburg, FL
 

Thyroid Masses and Growths

Thyroid nodules are common and many are benign. Thorough evaluation is required by your physician and will usually include a biopsy to determine whether or not cancer is present. Malignant nodules will usually require surgery for removal with possible medical treatment following surgery. Benign nodules can usually be followed with routine imaging.Goiter is a term which refers to an enlarged thyroid gland. This condition is common and usually does not require surgical treatment. Significant enlargement of the thyroid gland can sometimes result in pressure on other structures in the neck and may cause difficulty with breathing or swallowing. In these cases, surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland maybe helpful.